Legislative Effectiveness in the United States Senate

Authors: Craig Volden, Alan E. Wiseman

Just like members of the House, US senators vary in how effective they are at lawmaking. We create Legislative Effectiveness Scores for each senator in each of the 93rd–113th Congresses (1973–2015). We use these scores to explore common claims about institutional differences in lawmaking between the House and the Senate. 

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Time Preferences and Consumer Behavior

Authors: Christopher J. Ruhm, David Bradford, Charles Courtemanche, Garth Heutel, Patrick McAlvanah

We investigate the predictive power of survey-elicited time preferences. The discount factor elicited from choice experiments using real payments predicts various health, energy, and financial outcomes, including overall self-reported health, smoking, installing energy-efficient lighting, and credit card balance. 

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Habitat for Humanity and the Mixed Income Housing Market in Charlottesville

Authors: Bala Mulloth, Matthew Ericson

This case addresses how the nonprofit, Habitat for Humanity, handled commercialization through mixed-revenue, mixed-income programming in Charlottesville, Virginia, USA. Four elements contributed to the successful adoption of mixed-revenue practices in the organization: the organization’s prior business model; its relationship with the private sector; its programming; and its ethos.

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Drug Involvement in Fatal Overdoses

Death certificate data from the Multiple Cause of Death (MCOD) files were analyzed to better understand the drug categories most responsible for the increase in fatal overdoses occurring between 1999 and 2014. Statistical adjustment methods were used to account for the understatement in reported drug involvement occurring because death certificates frequently do not specify which drugs were involved in the deaths.

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Macroeconomic Conditions and Opioid Abuse

Authors: Christopher J. Ruhm, Alex Hollingsworth, Kosali Simon

We examine how deaths and emergency department (ED) visits related to use of opioid analgesics (opioids) and other drugs vary with macroeconomic conditions. As the county unemployment rate increases by one percentage point, the opioid death rate per 100,000 rises by 0.19 (3.6%) and the opioid overdose ED visit rate per 100,000 increases by 0.95 (7.0%).

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Paid Family Leave, Fathers’ Leave-Taking, and Leave-Sharing in Dual-Earner Households

Authors: Christopher J. Ruhm, Ann P. Bartel, Maya Rossin-Slater, Jenna Stearns, Jane Waldfogel

Using difference‐in‐difference and difference‐in‐difference‐in‐difference designs, we study California’s Paid Family Leave (CA‐PFL) program, the first source of government‐provided paid parental leave available to fathers in the Unites States. Relative to the pre‐treatment mean, fathers of infants in California are 46 percent more likely to be on leave when CA‐PFL is available. 

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How Principal Leadership and Person-Job Fit Are Associated with Teacher Mobility and Attrition

Authors: Daniel W. Player, Peter Youngs, Frank Perrone, Erin Grogan

While existing studies of teacher retention have attempted to isolate economic and organizational factors that predict teacher turnover, this paper etends the research base by incorporating measures of principal leadership and person-job (P-J) fit. Using data from roughly 3000 teachers from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey and the 2012-13 Teacher Follow-up Survey, we explore how leadership and P-J fit are associated with teachers’ mobility.

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On the Advantages of a Well-Constructed Lobbying System: Towards a More Democratic, Modern Lobbying Process

Authors: Christine Mahoney, Lee Drutman

On the Advantages of a Well-Constructed Lobbying System: Towards a More Democratic, Modern Lobbying Process by Christine Mahoney Lee Drutman The American lobbying information processing system is woefully outdated. The mechanisms by which citizen, interest group, and business concerns are incorporated into the policymaking process have largely not been updated in over 200 years.

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