Complex by Design. Investigating Pathways Into Teaching in New York City Schools Apr 01, 2006 By James H. WyckoffDonald J. BoydPam GrossmanHamilton LankfordSusanna LoebNicholas M. Michelli Complex by Design. Investigating Pathways Into Teaching in New York City Schools New York City represents a microcosm of the changes that are shaking the very foundations of teacher education in this country. In their efforts to find teachers for hard-to-staff schools by creating multiple pathways into teaching, districts from New York City to Los Angeles are in the midst of what amounts to a national experiment in how best to recruit, prepare, and retain teachers. This article provides an overview of a research project that examines features of these different pathways into teaching in New York City schools and the impact of these features on where teachers teach, how long they remain in the classroom, and student achievement in reading and math as measured by value-added analyses. The article provides both a conceptual framework for the study and a discussion of some of the methodological challenges involved in such research, including problems of selection bias, difficulties in documenting programmatic features, and challenges of estimating teacher effects on student achievement. Journal of Teacher Education James H. Wyckoff Jim Wyckoff is the Curry Memorial Professor of Education and Policy, and Director of the Center for Education Policy and Workforce Competitiveness at the University of Virginia. He has published widely on issues of teacher labor markets, teacher preparation, recruitment, assessment and retention. In this work he has collaborated with policymakers in New York City, New York State and most recently the District of Columbia. Read full bio Donald J. Boyd Pam Grossman Hamilton Lankford Susanna Loeb Nicholas M. Michelli Related Content James H. Wyckoff Teacher Turnover, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement in DCPS Research In practice, teacher turnover appears to have negative effects on school quality as measured by student performance. However, some simulations suggest that turnover can instead have large positive effects under a policy regime in which low-performing teachers can be accurately identified and replaced with more effective teachers. Teacher Layoffs: An Empirical Illustration of Seniority v. Measures of Effectiveness Research School districts are confronting difficult choices in the aftermath of the financial crisis. Today, the financial imbalance in many school districts is so large that there may be few alternatives to teacher layoffs. Study: DC Public School’s Teacher Evaluation System Continues to Improve Teacher Workforce News As IMPACT enters its second decade, two new studies from team including Batten's Jim Wyckoff provide evidence that the initiative continues to support meaningful improvement in the effectiveness of DCPS teachers. Batten Faculty Dominate the University's New Public Service Awards Program News UVA’s Office of the Executive Vice President and Provost created a new awards program to commend faculty for the contributions their public service makes to student learning, the advancement of scholarship and creative activity, and the University’s own public mission.