A Cautionary Tale in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Perils and Pitfalls of Observational Data Analysis Mar 05, 2018 By Adam LeiveArmando FrancoDana GoldmanDaniel McFadden A Cautionary Tale in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Perils and Pitfalls of Observational Data Analysis Health care costs represent a nearly 18% of U.S. gross domestic product and 20% of government spending. While there is detailed information on where these health care dollars are spent, there is much less evidence on how this spending affects health. The research in Measuring and Modeling Health Care Costs seeks to connect our knowledge of expenditures with what we are able to measure of results, probing questions of methodology, changes in the pharmaceutical industry, and the shifting landscape of physician practice. NBER Book Series Studies in Income and Wealth. University of Chicago Press. Areas of focus Economics Health Policy Adam Leive Adam Leive joins the Batten faculty as an economist with interests at the intersection of health, risk and public policy. Leive studies consumer choices of health insurance plans, as well as taxation and regulation in markets for health insurance and medical care. Read full bio Armando Franco Dana Goldman Daniel McFadden Related Content Adam Leive Dying to Win? Olympic Gold Medals and Longevity Research Contrary to conventional wisdom, winners die over one year earlier than losers Armed with Humor, Batten Student Named Among Nation's Top Four Army ROTC Cadets News The Navy Federal Credit Union has selected Batten student Jacob Shapero (MPP '21) as one of four Army ROTC All-Americans nationwide. Q&A: Do Work Requirements Aid Those on Public Assistance? Batten Professor Says No. News Adam Leive, Assistant Professor of Public Policy and Economics at the Batten School, questions the effectiveness of work requirements in public assistance.